Clarke, Arthur Charles

Clarke, Arthur Charles
b. 16 December 1917 Minehead, Somerset, England
English writer of science fiction who correctly predicted the use of geo-stationary earth satellites for worldwide communications.
Whilst still at Huish's Grammar School, Taunton, Clarke became interested in both space science and science fiction. Unable to afford a scientific education at the time (he later obtained a BSc at King's College, London), he pursued both interests in his spare time while working in the Government Exchequer and Audit Department between 1936 and 1941. He was a founder member of the British Interplanetary Society, subsequently serving as its Chairman in 1946–7 and 1950–3. From 1941 to 1945 he served in the Royal Air Force, becoming a technical officer in the first GCA (Ground Controlled Approach) radar unit. There he began to produce the first of many science-fiction stories. In 1949–50 he was an assistant editor of Science Abstracts at the Institution of Electrical Engineers.
As a result of his two interests, he realized during the Second World War that an artificial earth satellite in an equatorial orbital with a radius of 35,000 km (22,000 miles) would appear to be stationary, and that three such geo-stationary, or synchronous, satellites could be used for worldwide broadcast or communications. He described these ideas in a paper published in Wireless World in 1945. Initially there was little response, but within a few years the idea was taken up by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration and in 1965 the first synchronous satellite, Early Bird, was launched into orbit.
In the 1950s he moved to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) to pursue an interest in underwater exploration, but he continued to write science fiction, being known in particular for his contribution to the making of the classic Stanley Kubrick science-fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey, based on his book of the same title.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Clarke received many honours for both his scientific and science-fiction writings. For his satellite communication ideas his awards include the Franklin Institute Gold Medal 1963 and Honorary Fellowship of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1976. For his science-fiction writing he received the UNESCO Kalinga Prize (1961) and many others. In 1979 he became Chancellor of Moratuwa University in Sri Lanka and in 1980 Vikran Scrabhai Professor at the Physical Research Laboratory of the University of Ahmedabad.
1945. "Extra-terrestrial relays: can rocket stations give world wide coverage?", Wireless World L1: 305 (puts forward his ideas for geo-stationary communication satellites).
1946. "Astronomical radar: some future possibilities", Wireless World 52:321.
1948, "Electronics and space flight", Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 7:49. Other publications, mainly science-fiction novels, include: 1955, Earthlight, 1956, The
Coast of Coral; 1958, Voice Across the Sea; 1961, Fall of Moondust; 1965, Voices
from the Sky, 1977, The View from Serendip; 1979, Fountain of Paradise; 1984, Ascent to Orbit: A Scientific Autobiography, and 1984, 2010: Odyssey Two (a sequel to 2001: A Space Odyssey that was also made into a film).
Further Reading
1986, Encyclopaedia Britannica.
1991, Who's Who, London: A. \& C.Black.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clarke,Arthur Charles — Clarke (klärk), Arthur Charles. Born 1917. British writer, scientist, and underwater explorer noted for his stories of space exploration. His works include 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). * * * …   Universalium

  • Arthur Charles Clarke — Arthur C. Clarke Arthur C. Clarke Sir Arthur Charles Clarke (* 16. Dezember 1917 in Minehead, Somerset, England; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clarke, Arthur C. — pseud. di Clarke, Arthur Charles …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Arthur Charles Clarke — Arthur C. Clarke Pour les articles homonymes, voir Clarke (homonymie). Arthur C. Clarke Arthur C. Clarke …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur Charles Clarke — ➡ Clarke (I) * * * …   Universalium

  • Clarke, Sir Arthur Charles — ▪ 2009       British author born Dec. 16, 1917, Minehead, Somerset, Eng. died March 19, 2008, Colombo, Sri Lanka wrote more than 100 fiction and nonfiction books, but he was best known for such visionary science fiction novels as Childhood s End… …   Universalium

  • Arthur C. Clarke — Arthur Clarke redirects here. For other uses, see Arthur Clarke (disambiguation). Sir Arthur C. Clarke, CBE Arthur C. Clarke at his home office in Colombo, Sri Lanka, 28 March 2005 Born 16 December 1917(1917 12 16) …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Clarke — Arthur C. Clarke Arthur C. Clarke Sir Arthur Charles Clarke (* 16. Dezember 1917 in Minehead, Somerset, England; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur C Clarke — [Arthur C Clarke] (Arthur Charles Clarke 1917–2008) an English writer of science fiction novels and books about space travel. He was best known for the very successful Stanley Kubrick film 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Arthur — /ahr theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830 86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881 85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Port Arthur Adamov Arthur Arthur s …   Universalium

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”